1. Don't panic!
* You just have to be strategic.
2. Hop Around
* Read the Abstract, then the Conclusion (Discussion.)
* Then read the Introduction, followed by other sections as needed.
3. Take notes while you read
* The main purpose of the article is . . .
* The key question or thesis that the author is asking is . . .
* The author’s findings (facts and data that support the author’s argument) were...
* The main conclusion/inference in this article is/are . . .
|The credentials of the researchers, the title; is it a review or meta-study?|
|Primary research will ask a question, state a hypothesis or goal.|
|The experimental design must be described such that it could be replicated.|
|What were the results of the study/experiment.|
|What conclusions can be made from the results, what are the implications, areas for further study?|
|Do the researchers cite the work of others?|
Take notes for each article:
Author or authors: (hint read the abstract) ___________________________________________________________________________
Topic of research: (hint read the abstract or introduction) ____________________________________________________________________________
Participants/Setting: (hint: read the method/methodology) ___________________________________________________________________________
Findings: (hint: read results section) _____________________________________________
Conclusions: (hint: may also be called the discussion section). __________________________________________________________________________
Important to other scholars in the field because: __________________________________________________________________________
NOW, put the above all together into an annotation.
In (year), (Author’s last names) conducted a study about (topic of research). The participants were/the setting was (e.gl” San Diego” or “large gift donors”.) The authors found (results or findings of the research.) The authors concluded that (conclusion.) These results/findings are important to other scholars in the field because (reason or reasons why other scholars could benefit from the findings.)